SOP Meaning (Standard Operating Procedure)


Sop Meaning

SOP Meaning is standard Operating procedure (SOP) may be a set of written instructions that document a routine or repetitive activity which is followed by employees in a corporation . The development and use of SOP are an integral a part of a successful quality system. It provides information to perform employment properly, and consistently so as to realise pre-determined specification and quality end-result. SOP should allow for the constant improvement of Standards of service, and provide evidence of commitment towards protecting patients.

Sop meaning in hindi is maanak sanchaalan prakriya.

Sop meaning in marathi is manak karyapranali. For example Sop meaning For covid or coronavirus is a set of rules, how to attent covid patient, how to transport patient safly, so to avoid spreading to virus certain rules are made.

Sop meaning may sound different in different languages but the core of it remains the same.

Sop Acronym

Sop meaning or Sop Acronym is standard operating procedures which is a list of official standard rules and parameters that is used in industries during the manufacturing of products to avoid errors in formulation.

BENEFITS OF SOP (Standard Operating Procedure)


1. Standard Operating procedure (SOP) may be a set of written instructions that document a routine or repetitive activity which is followed by employees in an organisation.

2. To ensure that process continue uninterrupted and are completed on a prescribed schedule. Ensure against process shut-downs caused by breakdown or other facility damage.

3. To ensure that no failures arise in manufacturing and other Processes that might damage anyone within the neighbouring community, Succeeding health and environmental steps in-SOPs certifies against leaks and emissions that threaten plant neighbour’s and create public violence.

4. To ensure that approved procedures are followed in compliance with company and government regulations. Well-written SOPs help make sure that government regulations are satisfied. They also demonstrate a company’s good-faith intention to work properly.

5. To serve as a training document for teaching, users about the process for which the SOP was written. Detailed SOPs are used as the basis for providing standardized training for employees who are new to a particular job and for those who need re-training.

6. To serve as a checklist for co-workers who observe job performance to reinforce proper performance. The process of actively caring about fellow workers involves one worker coaching another altogether aspects of proper job performance. When the right procedures are outlined during a good SOP, any co-worker can coach another to assist improve work skills.

7. To serve as a checklist for auditors. Auditing job performance may be a Process almost like observation mentioned within the previous item only it always involves record keeping. SOPs should function a robust basis when detailed audit checklists are developed.

8. To serve as an historical record of the how, why and when of Steps in an existing process so there is a factual basis for revising those steps. When a process or equipment are changed. As individuals travel from job to job within and among companies, unwritten knowledge and skills vanish from the workplace. Properly maintained written SOPs can chronicle the simplest knowledge which will serve new workers when older ones advance.


9. To serve as an explanation of steps in a Process so they can be reviewed in accident investigations. Although accidents are unfortunate, view them as opportunities to learn how to improve conditions. A noble SOP gives you a base from which to being inspecting accidents.


The data generated through these procedures should be maintained to point out compliance with the above mentioned requirements.

Prepare apex documents like Quality Policy, Quality Manual, site main file. Validation Master Plan, etc. to describe the quality commitments of the management.

Define the roles and responsibilities of all personnel working in the organisation.

Prepare policy for periodic review of documents. Ensure that the current industrial practices and pharmacopoeia requirements are fulfilled by the current versions of documents

SOP for document (SOP, MPCR, BPCR, authentication/ criterion protocols’ formats) training, review, approval, preparation, spreading, control, and it’s retaining ability.

Procedure for maintaining revision history.

Management, control, and retention of super-seeded or obsolete documents.

Document archival and retrieval procedure.

Handling, archival, retrieval, and retention of electronic records/documents.

Procedure for control of electronic signatures.

Equipment cleaning and sanitation procedure.

Issuance and control of equipment logs.

Document labelling measures taken for prevention of cross-contamination and its training archives.

Cleaning validation master plan.

Procedure for batch-to-batch and product-to-product cleaning and its verification to make sure removal of residue of previous batch/product.

Records for incoming raw materials and packaging materials.

SOP to prepare procedure validation protocol and reports.

SOP for preparation of master production control records.

SOP for preparation of manufacturing batch and control records.

SOP for allocation of batch number.

Calibration master -plan and calibration reports.

Batch release procedure.

SOP for preparation and resistor of Quality Control data sheet.

SOP for allocation of analytical control number

Procedure for review of analytical data.

SOP for investigation of OOS results.

SOP for change control, revision of any process or documents, or upgradation facility or equipment should be routed through impact assessment and change control procedure.

SOP for deviation handling system.

SOP for corrective and prevented action (CAPA).

SOP for stability testing.

SOP for product distribution and its control.


In general, technical SOP, will contains five elements;

  • Title page
  • Table of Contents
  • Procedures
  • Quality Assurance/ Quality Control
  • References

1. Title Page

2. Table of Contents

3. Procedures – the subsequent are topics which will be appropriate for inclusion in: technical SOPs. Not all will apply to each procedure or work process being detailed.

a. Scope and Applicability (describing the aim of the method or procedure and any organization or regulatory requirements, also as-any limits to the utilization of the procedure.

b. Summary of Method (briefly summarizing the procedure),

c. Definitions (identifying any acronyms, abbreviations, or specialized terms used), Health & Safety Warnings (indicating operations that could result Personal injury or loss of life and explaining what will -happen if the Procedure is not followed or is followed incorrectly listed here and at i.e. critical steps in the procedure

d. Cautions (indicating activities that would end in equipment damage degradation of sample, or possible invalidation of results listed here and important steps within the procedure.

e. Interferences (describing any component of the process that may interfere with the accuracy of the final products.

f. Personnel qualifications/responsibilities (denoting the minimal experience function).

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